PART 3

REFLECTIVE JOURNAL

23.7

Unit 7 is the final unit, all the work that we do from this Monday onwards counts towards this unit. It lasts until the end of the course.

We were asked to think out 3 difficult themes for this project and created 3 pages on the sketchbook. So far, I have already come out with some aspects that I am interested, but l was not sure what specific theme should I really focus on.

  1. Serenity

Since I had done some research about the fair-faced concrete before this project, I was quite interested in thinking and designing kind of building which is made by this material. It is A clear trend is 'surfacing' in the language of architecture, towards concepts that are as individual as they are unique. Also, it might create kind of serenity, philosophy atmosphere within itself, and encourage and engage people in philosophy thinking if there are well applying in some architecture. That is what I want to achieve at the end of this course.

  1. Extinguish the border

By looking some architecture by Sou Fujimoto, it inspires me a lot considering how to extinguish the border between inside and outside. I would like to make a public place for people communicating but also it can be separated into several areas in order to keep the privacy for someone.

  1. Compact living

An imagination of future city-crowed of people living in limited space, but how can I improve their living quality by building a suitable house in that situation.

 

During the tutorial on Monday, the tutor said he prefer to the serenity than the other themes, he hope I can pay more attention on this and started to develop this idea, moreover, he encourage me to combine with other themes rather than just concern with one field. The exhibition of Sou Fujimoto in Japan House London is he high recommend to me to visit. Wish I could get more inspiration from it.

26.7 political ideas and issues

We were been asked to explore some political ideas and issues which relevant to the theme of this project, the compact living was one of these 3 themes that I had consider in the first day. This theme was able to link with many social issues and it is a great chance to expand the range of research. There are 2 major political issues that I mentioned:

  • OVERCROWDING IN CITIES

Many countries in the world are currently experiencing growing populations in urban areas. This has caused issues of accommodations and increased crime rates, in cities. However, measures like community projects or government initiatives can help in curbing the problem.

Increased density of population in cities has caused several dilemmas. Firstly, over population has led to overcrowding and poor quality housing in large cities. This can cause cause significant health problems, resulting in illness, such as bronchitis or pneumonia. Another serious consequence of over crowding is the increased crime rates as people living in damped conditions are often desperate to improve their situations and often take the path of crime.

  • social communicate issue

The overcrowding city caused people own less private space, somehow, people would pay much more attention to their privacy as something really rarely. They are really living in on the Internet, our communications become less in reality and we prefer staying in fixe, closed environment for protecting their privacy.I think this less positive phenomenon in our society has to be corrected by changing the form of architecture which may also influence our living style. Therefore in this project I want to create a space which is able to encourage people come together and the building itself is a kind of my realisation and reflection about the modern society and city.

Plan

Visit some public facilities around London, observing how these affect to surrounding environment and activity of citizens. 

Sketch some shapes

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1.8

Regard to develop the shape of the Mobius strip, it has to be transformed into more practical shape in architectural language. Thanks to the research about the project made by architecture students from Iowa State University, it shows a great example to me which is a method to improve the primary shape of the architecture step by step-- Firstly, starting with a ordinary square floor, then try to distribute different area on it and make it become 3 dimensional, then we could distort the images and try to make some effect on it, such as, overlapping, reversing, folding or even cutting, etc.

First Making Action

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5.8

Today I had made a series of cardboard models and I made these in really quick and simple way - sticking different component by using hot melting glue gun. Therefore, these outcomes seem really fragile and unfinished, especially from the conjunction parts. Moreover, some of these have a mistake, for example, one sketch elides with another to create something unexpected, but I thought a broken model suggests a new spatial arrangement. Accidents are part of the process. 

Initial models may be simple sketch ideas but we also value the ability of abstract, sculptural models to express an initial idea or intention in its clearest form. As designs develop models are often built at a large scale, enabling a real sense of inhabiting the design; this may extend to full-size models of individual elements that allow proportions to be gauged against the scale of the hand or body. So I will keep making such quick models in next day.

prototype

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10.8

Today we had done a one-day-project -"Make it in a Day Workshop". What I thought is this workshop is developed from the design practice of prototyping. In order to rapidly develop and test early design ideas, designers and artists often create low-tech models from readily available materials and parts. These aren't about the overall aesthetics, they help us to rapidly identify and solve practical or functional issues.

Thanks to the previous paper models I had made before, it help me work out the first draft of the final model in the really beginning. At this time, I choose a bunch of clay-wood as primary material to complete the model rather than applying those low quality cardboard at the last time. The outcome was made quite successful, but some scales have to be adjusted for better results, such as heights of each floor and the gradient of the slope. In fact, I really want to create that model with concrete since I had never use it before and my expected material for this social architecture is fair-face concrete. Due to the limited time, I gave up this method but I expect to use it in the next time since it is worth to test as a experiment.

Location Found

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17.8

The location that I found is located to the archway park where is a small community park near by Archway Station. There are some apartment building which just really close to this neighbour garden. Because I have to pass this park to take the bus every day except for weekend, so I usually can observe some children would go downstairs to play some ball game on the basketball court or the playground, only few of them would sit on the small yard where opposite to the playground. Somehow, I notice this park is not frequently been used and it seem not quite attractive due to there are proper sitting area or shelter for residents, maybe someone expect more private space in this space. Therefore, I thought my building is able and suitable  to set in here for solving these kind of problems.

Material Workshop

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16.8

I choice a piece of folded paper as the only material that I had brought to the Material Analysis Workshop since I didn't prepare for it. But this paper is not choice randomly, I was inspired from the paper which Shigeru Ban usually apply it into his architecture. He recreate the recycle paper with special technology into kind of tough and reliable architectural material, therefore I folded a piece of paper several times for displaying the toughness of paper.

Thanks to the comment which other students wrote on this sheet, then I could understand the feeling from other perspective if I truly use this material into my outcome. This workshop encouraged us to analysis an item from its physical properties, cultural interpretation and also consider how the materials would affect to surrounding environment and our project. No mater whether these material I choice for this workshop would keep using in the last of the project or not, I thought that was a treasure experience for us if we might analysis other material in the future.

Self Assessment

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Performance evaluations are a great tool for us. We create a record of our performances over time, and this is a great feedback tool that can keep us on the right track. A common component of performance evaluations are self-assessments, where students review themselves and provide feedback on the workshop.

Looking in the mirror and offering an accurate description is difficult, though. Somehow we have a difficult time summarising our work in an objective way; some are their own biggest critics, while others don't scrutinise themselves enough.  

During this assessment, I though the most difficult part is hard to judge my accomplishments by myself. In fact, I am not a confident person. The main goal of the self-evaluation is to highlight my accomplishments, but I was not proud to point to specific tasks and projects that highlight their best work. When describing those accomplishments, I should emphasise the impact those achievements had on the business as a whole to emphasise their value to the project.

action plan updated

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Because I notice the slopes are more attractive to young people than ordinary stairway after I had made a observation on the slope near archway underground station. As the result,I suppose the building can located at archway park where is not frequently been used and it seem not quite attractive due to there are proper sitting area or shelter for residents, maybe someone expect more private space in this space. Therefore, I thought my building is able and suitable to set in here for solving these kind of problems and I set up this action plan for this week to ensure I wouldn't far behind for this project.

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I just use plywood and tracing paper to complete my final outcome. As you can see the model is much tidier compared with the prototype. For this time, I didn't use white pigment to spray on it  for covering the trace of glue gun since I use UHO glue and super glue to replace it.

Somehow, a lot of new ideas would be come over me during doing my final model. When I try to magnify the scale of the prototype model, more drawbacks would be noticed which I didn’t mention before, for example, the previous composition of the slopes are seem quite complicated and mess since I could see much clear from another much wider perspective. Therefore the structure must to be reconstruct and simplify urgently, however, the other part of components also need to be adjusted as the same time, it causes quite a bit of work to make a global change. With the help of the Hats of Reflection Workshop, it is a great chance to review and evaluate all work that I had done so far, especially when I was facing with this adjustments issues.

Overall, I quite satisfy to this final outcome, but I hadn't finish the details of the construction, such as the community chair for public, sink for draining of the rain, etc. May be I can do another model or sketch to display my thought. 

Viewing exhibition

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24.7

Today I went to the exhibition SOU FUJIMOTO: FUTURES OF THE FUTER. It introduces Fujimoto’s visions for the architecture of the future through a presentation centred on models. His work displays a graceful strength and poetic aesthetic, representative of contemporary Japanese architecture, which Japanese proudly consider to be an aspect of their nation’s culture.

In this exhibition, Sou Fujimoto is presenting not only the ongoing projects and works we are known for but also his current experiments for the future. Therefore, the experimental models are quite different compared with some ordinary architectural models. They may turn out to be strange, unseen forms of architecture. They may also include many things that have not quite taken the form of architectural and still remain anticipations of anticipation. Still, every one of these attempts started with the questions that are the most essential to architectural –in the future, in what social environment, where and how will we live? What are the meanings of “human being and space”, “inside and outside”, “natural and manmade”, “individual and society”? I think these fundamental questions are really useful when I am considering the theme of the project.

In fact, I really enjoy watching these models in the exhibition, which gave me a lot of inspiration, especially the Tokyo Apartment model. Rather than treating it as a single apartment building, Sou Fujimoto designed a complex yet pleasant living environment by connecting and intertwining a stack of house in multiple layers. The shape of the result is impressive and it let me understand straightforward work like this is also a part of architecture, I would like to simulate that method into my project.

27.7 Materials & Methods

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I love fair-face concrete applying in architecture. The smooth fair-face concrete wall surfaces and soffits therefore provide a modern contrast to the wooden furnishings, but still fit in well with the style of the interior. Both inside and outside, all the details of this building have been carefully and thoroughly conceived, which meant that the various openings for doors and windows, even the recesses in the soffits for the flush-fitting lighting units, had to be constructed very accurately in order to do justice to the requirements placed on the design.

Also, it might create kind of serenity, philosophy atmosphere within itself, and encourage and engage people in philosophy thinking if there are well applying in some architecture. That is what I want to achieve at the end of this course.

2.8 The meaning of the shape

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The structure of the building is really affect the form of activity of people, therefore, I tried to work out with a special structure which is able to well lead the public to interact with this space. I decided to keep using the primary idea from the hand made project- Mobius Strip, since I thought the continuity of this strip is a good demonstration to achieve to my expectation. Due to this feature, it can lead people to walk through the whole space without guidance. The Möbius strip is a surface with only one side and only one boundary. It is easy to achieve this effect in mathematics theory, but not in reality. If I have to apply this structure for building a architecture, I need to add another identical structure as a kind of connection to connect different platforms because we cannot walk through a ‘mobius strip’ without it. So I am going to work out a series of structures in SketchUp and find the best solution for this project.

Scale sketch

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Looking for practical scale by using lighting

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7.8

Scale is one of the important element to an architecture since it would affect to the form of activity inside or outside. A proper scale can create a well communicate space for people interacting, sometimes it might make a influence  to human's emotion or mood, for example, a higher celling or larger window are able to create wide vision which can make people feel  delight. I had some sketches a series of circles for representing my ideal distance among each person in this social architecture, it was a nice try, but it still difficult to let viewers understand the actually scale in reality that I expect. Therefore, decided to use the flashlight to shine on the model in a dark room then I could get a much larger scale of shadow image, however, the shadow was still not big enough, maybe I could took another series of photos on the outside at midnight.

lighting effect

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Church of the Light

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13.8

As you can see the first  images above this text have shown the lighting experiment I had done on my prototype final outcome. I set up my outcome in a dark room and I use the flash light on my phone to simulate kind of situation which nature light shines on the building, the light has successful gone through the small gap between slope and the wall, therefore it would create some great effect to audiences.

The second picture is the Church of the Light and is one of the most famous designs of Japanese architect Tadao Ando. In the chapel light enters from behind the altar from a cross cut in the concrete wall that extends vertically from floor to ceiling and horizontally from wall to wall, aligning perfectly with the joints in the concrete. At this intersection of light and solid the occupant is meant to become aware of the deep division between the spiritual and the secular within himself or herself. 

My ideal lighting effect should be closed to Ando did in his church, for achieving this kind of effect, I thought the concrete plays the important role in this section, especially fair face concrete. I hope many who enter the building say they find it disturbing. The distinct void space and absolute quiet amounts to a sense of serenity.

S.C.A.M.P.E.R – An innovation strategy

  • S - Substitute

For the substitution of the material for making outcome, I plan to use some grey spraying with some white sand to simulate the textures of concrete. The reason why I choose this method is making model with concrete is too complicated.

For the location, I suppose it should be located to the archway park where is a small community park near by Archway Station. There are some apartment building which just really close to this neighbour garden. Because I have to pass this park to take the bus every day except for weekend, so I usually can observe some children would go downstairs to play some ball game on the basketball court or the playground, only few of them would sit on the small yard where opposite to the playground. Somehow, I notice this park is not frequently been used and it seem not quite attractive due to there are proper sitting area or shelter for residents, maybe someone expect more private space in this space. Therefore, I thought my building is able and suitable  to set in here for solving these kind of problems.

  • C - Combine 

Actually, I want the slopes in my construction not only can be simple connection between each floor but also be a shelter  for public resting area, so the gradient of the slope must be extremely accurate. 

  • A - Adapt 

Because the slopes play important role in my design, I would like to spend more time to complete a perfect shape of slope. If I get extra 4 week for this project, I tend to work out the best distance and gradient for each slope for getting better experience when people are walking on it.

  • M - Modify 

Somehow, during I was making the experimental model to explain the interior route of the building, I noticed the structure of the slopes seem a bit complicated and it might disturb the viewing of public, maybe I could simplify these structure in next few days.

  • P - Put to Another Use 

As I just said this social architecture is aim for encourage people come together through its spiral structure, especially teenagers. The frequently use in slope is for attract their attention since I found the youths would like to walk on it after I did observation in Archway Underground Station. Maybe I should more concern the privacy measure for someone who really care about their privacy

  • E - Eliminate 

Simplify the interior structure 

Hats workshop

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The hats workshop is so similar to the S.C.A.M.P.E.R, but the Black Hat is the only differences between it. In this section, I need to list the faults or drawback that I had done from the beginning of this project, that might be my low quality of model or even there might something wrong in the concept. It's good reflection and it and improve my design later this stage.

Interim Poster

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Today we were been asked to finish our interim poster. The tutors just show us a few slides about how to use InDesign to complete a formal poster and displayed some template which designers usually apply in their poster. Because it is just a interim poster, therefore I didn't pay much attention and patient on it, the texts are basically copied from my proposal and I did not follow the template to finish my poster. Nevertheless, I had apply different functions I interested when I was processing the background, for example, I create several semi transparent geometric shape to separate the text and photos. I thought that was a nice try since this is my first time to use InDesign, I expect to hear the feedback from other student tomorrow, then I could adjust and improve my poster as soon as possible.

poster-final version

Evaluation

Many modern  citizens are living on the internet, especially teenagers. Less communication happen reality we prefer staying in fixed, closed environments, protecting our privacy. “The faded shelter” is a social architecture where public and private co-exist and it suppose to be located in archway park, encouraging local residents to come together through its spiral structural continuity.

 

The basic ideal structure is come from the nature of the Mobius Strip which is a surface with only one side and only one boundary, the continuity of this strip is able to well lead the public to interact with this space if it can be transferred into architectural language. The first thing that I had done is testing the practicality of this structure and sketching some shape by using SketchUp on the computer. It worked quite efficiently caused I could make fast and clear decision to create the first model at the beginning of project.

 

Nevertheless, the images making by SketchUp still cannot take place the handmade model. As  students study architecture we are engaged in the encounter between people and the physical world; how people experience place and how place affects them. Model making is the first step towards understanding this reality. Working with card, plaster, stone, wood, steel and glass a bridge to understanding the material presence of the building. Exploring the subtle unfolding of spaces and play of light a way of “being there” and sensing the feeling of the spaces we are designing in all their tactile and sensory complexity.Physical models allow us to share these spatial explorations with others: team members, clients, users and consultants. Design is collaborative. Discussion around design models allows everyone to engage with the design of spaces and contribute to the creative process.

 

On the other aspects, The architectures by Sou Fujimoto are the great reference to my concept since his work displays a graceful strength and poetic aesthetic, he usually present his thought about the relationship and balance between space and nature on his works. Still, every one of these attempts started with the questions that are the most essential to architectural –in the future, in what social environment, where and how will we live? What are the meanings of “human being and space”, “inside and outside”, “natural and manmade”, “individual and society”? I think these fundamental questions are really useful when I am considering the theme of the project, especially when I thought about in what distances among each person is able to create well communicate environment.

 

During "Make it in a Day Workshop”, what I thought is this workshop is developed from the design practice of prototyping. In order to rapidly develop and test early design ideas, designers and artists often create low-tech models from readily available materials and parts. These aren't about the overall aesthetics, they help us to rapidly identify and solve practical or functional issues, such as materials, size and location. It help me to choose suitable material and learn technique of connecting to building my one-day-model quite successfully. From my point of view, there are many slopes in the building, therefore a proper gradient of the slope is extremely necessary since it might affect people’s mood or emotion when they are walking on it, the change in gradient would affect to the heights of each floors too. On the other hand, I notice the slopes are more attractive to young people than ordinary stairway after I had made a observation on the slope near archway underground station. As the result,I suppose the building can located at archway park where is not frequently been used and it seem not quite attractive due to there are proper sitting area or shelter for residents, maybe someone expect more private space in this space. Therefore, I thought my building is able and suitable to set in here for solving these kind of problems.

 

Somehow, a lot of new ideas would be come over me during doing my final model. When I try to magnify the scale of the prototype model, more drawbacks would be noticed which I didn’t mention before, for example, the previous composition of the slopes are seem quite complicated and mess since I could see much clear from another much wider perspective. Therefore the structure must to be reconstruct and simplify urgently, however, the other part of components also need to be adjusted as the same time, it causes quite a bit of work to make a global change. With the help of the Hats of Reflection Workshop, it is a great chance to review and evaluate all work that I had done so far, especially when I was facing with this adjustments issues.

exhibition serpentine gallery

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25.7

Today I went to serpentine museum and I was quite interested in this pavilion by Frida Escobedo. The introduction show the pavilion is made up of a series of perforated walls, which from a distance recall the woven wooden frame for a wattle-and-daub hut or for a celosia, a traditional breeze wall commonly found in Mexican architecture. Personally, I do not feel any differences between indoor and outside when I was walking through the pavilion.

The interior of the space is partially covered by a curving and initially disconcerting ceiling covered in mirrored panels and reflecting the various surfaces and textures of Escobedo’s design. Here, again we find a sense of displacement: roof tiles are used in the walls, while the tables and chairs found inside are doubled on the ceiling. 

Confusing typical notions of indoors and outdoors, the internal courtyard also contains a shallow pool that reflects the sky and the surrounding trees, the image on the water’s surface changing with the light, weather and time of day. 

28.7 site & audience

Location is one of the most important part of architecture, it may reflect local particular culture and affect surrounding people’s living style or promote the development of economic if it is located on a right place. Personally, I usually put this section at end of the project since it is difficult to make a great decision. At first, I decided it should be set on some public parks in London, such as the Regent’s Park, Hyde Park, etc. Because these natural spaces have a well connection with the theme of project-Public Serenity. However, those kinds of constructions have already existed in these areas. The aim of this project encourage not only ordinary people but also people who have social communicate problem to come together for interacting with this modern city. Usually, most of social architectures are located in some particular places for solving local issue, therefore, I would search some social news in London as well as select a appropriate location for it. 

About the audiences , I decided to observing the moving of people while I am looking through some public park in London at first, since I hadn't got a really clear targets that should follow so far.

context map

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1.8 Confirm theme

Thanks to the experience of watching serpentine pavilion and the exhibition of Sou Fujimoto in Japan House, it help me reconsider the whole theme for this final project. I decided to integrate the three themes together and started to find the relationship among these which are The serenity, A space with no border and Compact living. I noticed these elements can be linked with imagination of finding numerous possibilities for new architecture in the future, we dreaming about the future because we thought the constructions or the cities we are living in present are still need to improve in order to get better living standard. Nowadays citizens are really living in on the Internet, our communications become less in reality and we prefer staying in fixed, closed environment for protecting their privacy. I think this less positive phenomenon in our society has to be corrected by changing the form of architecture which may also influence our living style. Therefore in this project I want to create a space which is able to encourage people come together and the building itself is a kind of my realisation and reflection about the modern society and city.

What I gonna to do is do more relevant research about some architectures which really close to my concept and also try to look for suitable materials and methods to develop my project.

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It’s quite efficient to work with using SketchUp when I tried to create complex structures and it is able to transfer information to viewers directly, especially for this project. I thought it also help me a lot when I started to do some experiments in workshop since I could quickly select and apply some practical and outstanding structures from the computer.

Nevertheless, the images making by SketchUp still cannot take place the handmade model. As  students study architecture we are engaged in the encounter between people and the physical world; how people experience place and how place affects them. Model making is the first step towards understanding this reality. Working with card, plaster, stone, wood, steel and glass a bridge to understanding the material presence of the building. Exploring the subtle unfolding of spaces and play of light a way of “being there” and sensing the feeling of the spaces we are designing in all their tactile and sensory complexity.Physical models allow us to share these spatial explorations with others: team members, clients, users and consultants. Design is collaborative. Discussion around design models allows everyone to engage with the design of spaces and contribute to the creative process.

Therefore, I would start making quick sculptures but trying to test and applying different materials on these for seeing more possibility, such as concrete, wood, steel or plastic in the next step.

 

15.8 Progress tutorials

15.8

Today I had a progress tutorials with Alaistair. He said the proposal is clear, ambitious . It show my awareness of contextual issues, and although not extensive, also bibliography and text indicates good understanding of some of the issues presented by modern cities and a populace that lives much of its life online.

Regard to research, analysis and use of research, he suggested me take care not to repeat web sources, my own notes and thoughts are more relevant here. Moreover, he also pointed out my research is quite narrow – yet as indicated by primary research, having explored the issue of porosity in a variety of ways. Site is still missing, though, I have less than half addressed the problem you set myself whilst not applying the formal approach to a real, urban place, finding a site is urgently.

For Reflection, Again, take care not to lift ideas whole from websites – my own notes are fine. The ideas my communicate make sense, and account of your decision process is clear. More regular, shorter entries in note form / my own words would provide a clearer idea of where you are going.

Problem solving and development in sketchbook: Great progression of project through models. Be more careful with the glue gun.

Action Plan and Advice: Broaden the research. Look at fine artists and others concerned with urban living in the digital age, such as science fiction, etc.  Also, try dropping the model into various urban places and collaging what I think would happen – this will provide options. Also see Maggie’s Centres, various. And other Location and Vassal works – private and social housing in France. See Snohetta – Oslo. Also Christopher Alexander on degrees of privacy. Look at Lacaton and Vassal, Palais de Tokyo, Paris.

The gradient of slope in the buliding

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The slope near the Archway Underground Station

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20.8 Observation

There are many slopes in my building, therefore the gradient of each slopes is extremely important to me since I have to consider in which degree of the gradient can gave the most comfortable experience while people are actually walking on it. Fortunately, I notice there is a actually slope which just near by the Archway Underground Station, therefore I could have a chance to experience on it, also I was able to observe what kind of people would like to walk through the slope rather than choosing the ordinary stairway beside the slope. I found not only the suitable gradient of slope is usually around 10 degree and most of these would not bigger than 20 degree but also observing children would like to walk on it than the adults. So that gave me some inspiration of the shape of the slope and the location where should concern about the teenager or children. 

22.8

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The feedbacks which tutors and other students gave to my poster are quite close to my expectation. All of them had pointed out there were too much text for the poster, nearly no one would spend time reading the whole text, also the front is too small to read. Someone said the poster is not in the grid system, therefore they felt the background and layout are a little bit disordered and the composition is to full. These all are useful information to me to developed my poster and I had learn some advantages from the other people's poster during this review workshop.

60 words poster text

"Modern citizens are really living in on the Internet, especially for the teenagers. Our communications become less in reality and we prefer staying in fixed, closed environment for protecting their privacy. “The faded shelter” is a model as represent a social architecture where public and private co-exist and it suppose to be located in archway park for encouraging local resident come together by using its spiral structural continuity."

The first paragraph is the first draft of the text, I wrote this down really quick since I had already written on my project proposal. The title took me a litter bit long time to think it out, but I still got it from the shape the final model.

Text analysis Workshop

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23.8

The text or the quote That I selected was come from Socially Restorative Urbanism: The theory, process and practice of Experiemics. I used red & blue pen to highlight some sentences or words which I thought these would be linked to my theme of the project, for example, ' Having the choice of appropriate privacy exposure is directly related to the nature of the social interaction available in the transitional zone', this quote is really linked to part of project which I was thinking about distribution and isolation area for different social status.I am quite agree with that since I believe people are one of element of an architecture, we cannot force them to stay in somewhere compulsory, leaving a choice for public is necessary. Regard to separate privacy and public area, Christopher Alexander had simply categories these complex areas into four categories: private, semi-private , semi-public and public. This distribution help me a lot when I design the layout of the building.

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Communicate area

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