PART 3

RESERACH

HOUSE NA

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House NA is designed by Sou Fujimoto and  located amidst “normal” houses in a quiet neighborhood in Tokyo, the home provides many functions for their needs. The space is easy to move about with stairs and ladders that connect the floor plates.With all those windows, you certainly get a great view of the neighborhood and outdoors, but that also means everyone can see inside too. Therefore, they installed curtains to provide some temporary privacy.

 

Personally, I really like the interior structure which creates a flowing space for people interacting with each other and the building itself, but the privacy issue is needed more concern and that is what I need to consider in my project.

 

https://www.dezeen.com/2012/05/08/house-na-by-sou-fujimoto-architects/

Blade Runner

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Blade Runner is a 1982 neo-noir science fiction film. This is my favourite science fiction film and the futuristic building which was shown in this film also affect me to study architecture. I thought this movie is a critique of the present, and as a critique, can inspire different ideas concerning the way architects design and think. Moreover, it can be used to increase the knowledge and the critical discussion about the urban environments of the past, but also of the future. Science-Fiction gives a great opportunity to include the cultural issues that arise from ethical concerns to the architectual process.

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basic material -The pavilion is made up of a series of perforated walls, which from a distance recall the woven wooden frame for a wattle-and-daub hut or for a celosia, a traditional breeze wall commonly found in Mexican architecture. 

celling-The interior of the space is partially covered by a curving and initially disconcerting ceiling covered in mirrored panels and reflecting the various surfaces and textures of Escobedo’s design.  

pool-Confusing typical notions of indoors and outdoors, the internal courtyard also contains a shallow pool that reflects the sky and the surrounding trees, the image on the water’s surface changing with the light, weather and time of day. Occasionally, the reflection is broken up by a visitor walking through it, either accidentally or deliberately, barefoot or in shoes. 

She has created a beautiful and engaging architectural experience, which acts as an unobtrusive backdrop to life a well as being a prompt for key questions about how we experience buildings, from their materials to their location.

 

 

Architecture students' Dunescape-inspired design-build project transforms Iowa State University College of Design atrium

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Seventy-seven architecture students in their studio at Iowa State University developed an installation intended to redefine the College of Design atrium as a public space.

Their interest was to challenge the conventional uses of the space, introduce new activities, etc. They tend to remain accessible to the public and the existing uses must somehow be preserved within the new design. It is a great example when I was searching about social architecture and it make me remain the multifunction of the structure itself.

https://archinect.com/news/article/149576637/architecture-students-dunescape-inspired-design-build-project-transforms-iowa-state-university-college-of-design-atrium

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Social architecture is the conscious design of an environment that encourages a desired range of social behaviours leading towards some goal or set of goals. The environment social architecture influences may be social systems, or digital spaces such as media tools. In building design it can refer to the architecture of social spaces such as bars and restaurant.

The diagram show the relationship among different social status in our society. It makes me remind  the necessary of distributing and separating various people when I was thinking about the layout of my design.

http://www.reply-mc.com/2016/06/14/defining-social-architecture/

Social Complex in Alcabideche / Guedes Cruz Arquitectos

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Maggie’s Center

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Maggie’s provides free practical, emotional and social support for people with cancer and their families and friends. Built in the grounds of NHS hospitals, their Centres are warm and encouraging places, with professional staff on hand to offer the support you need to find your way through cancer.

What I love it is the semi-transparent white glass on the wall surround by the whole building, it present a new, joyful, glowing presence on this corner of the great square of the Barts Hospital. I would like to apply this material to my project.

https://www.archdaily.com/885886/maggies-centre-barts-steven-holl-architects

The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces, Market Square

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This highly influential film in architecture and planning circles by William H. Whyte analyzes the success and failures of urban spaces. Observing the natural order of spaces and the way people move through them, Whyte provides an intuitive critique of urban spaces and ways these spaces can be improved. It is a great help when I was doing observation in Archway for finding location for my building.

Fair-faced concrete

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I love fair-face concrete applying in architecture. The smooth fair-face concrete wall surfaces and soffits therefore provide a modern contrast to the wooden furnishings, but still fit in well with the style of the interior. Both inside and outside, all the details of this building have been carefully and thoroughly conceived, which meant that the various openings for doors and windows, even the recesses in the soffits for the flush-fitting lighting units, had to be constructed very accurately in order to do justice to the requirements placed on the design.

Also, it might create kind of serenity, philosophy atmosphere within itself, and encourage and engage people in philosophy thinking if there are well applying in some architecture. That is what I want to achieve at the end of this course.

Illustration: Syd Mead, Blade Runner Concept Art

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Illustration: Syd Mead, Blade Runner Concept Art

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Blade Runner is a portrait of a failed society and a doomed urban environment. Humans are leaving the decaying world to live in the colonies. The future does not seem pure nor mathematical nor functional as LeCorbusier imagined. In Blade Runner there is a chaotic street level for the masses, namely the immigrant community, the deformed, the poor, the criminals and the ill. The streets are depicted as terribly overcrowded and packed. People are like ants, part of a flow, colorless, one with the mass. Sunlight is a privilege only shared among the wealthy. It is a great comparison to the architectural project by Sou Fujimoto and inspired me to think about privacy space in a negative way. 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2009/nov/05/architecture-film-riba

13/3-SOL LEWITT

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13/3 is an abstract sculpture composed of identical modules assembled according to the simple plan documented in the title: a thirteen-by-thirteen grid from which three towers rise. Interestingly, LeWitt did not consider his otherwise systematic work rational. Indeed, he aimed to "break out of the whole idea of rationality." "In a logical sequence," LeWitt wrote, in which a predetermined algorithm, not the artist, dictates the work of art, "you don’t think about it. It is a way of not thinking. It is irrational." The work’s balsa wood legs cast shadows that multiply and disarrange the modules. In addition, the modules act as frames that fracture the surrounding space. Overall, 13/3 creates perceptual effects both vertiginous and disorderly.

From my point of view, he is the pioneer of the Minimalism during the history of art, he create his "structures," a term he used to describe his three-dimensional work. His frequent use of open, modular structures originates from the cube. That is his way to consider about the relationship between constructions and its surrounding space, I think it had influence Sou fujimoto's thoughts about his architectures and the other architects as well.

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The architectures by Sou Fujimoto are the great reference to my concept since his work displays a graceful strength and poetic aesthetic, he usually present his thought about the relationship and balance between space and nature on his works. Still, every one of these attempts started with the questions that are the most essential to architectural –in the future, in what social environment, where and how will we live? What are the meanings of “human being and space”, “inside and outside”, “natural and manmade”, “individual and society”? I think these fundamental questions are really useful when I am considering the theme of the project.

15 Social Housings in Riaillé / Mabire Reich

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Same idea as Quinta Monroy / ELEMENTAL

Villa Savoye

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The Villa Savoye is probably Corbusier's best known building from the 1930s, and it had enormous influence on international modernism. It was designed addressing his emblematic "Five Points", the basic tenets in his new architectural aesthetic.

  1. Support of ground-level pilotis, elevating the building from the earth and allowed an extended continuity of the garden beneath.
  2. Functional roof, serving as a garden and terrace, reclaiming for nature the land occupied by the building.
  3. Free floor plan, relieved of load-bearing walls, allowing walls to be placed freely and only where aesthetically needed.
  4. Long horizontal windows, providing illumination and ventilation.
  5. Freely-designed facades, serving only as a skin of the wall and windows and unconstrained by load-bearing considerations.

I think these rules can help me a lot when I am designing kind of modern architecture.

Oslo Opera House

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Home to the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, the Oslo Opera House was completed in 2008 with a roof that angles to the ground, allowing visitors to walk up and experience panoramic views of the surrounding scenery. The façade is a mix of white Carrara marble, white aluminum, and glass, while the interior is covered in warm oak.

The building connects city and fjord, urbanity and landscape. To the East, the ‘factory’ is articulated and varied. One can see the activities within the building: Ballet reheasal rooms at the upper levels, workshops at street level. The future connection to a living and animated new part of town will give a greater sense of urbanity.

The shape of my design is similar to this opera since I also use a lot slope in it. It is a great actually example to explain how big does degree of gradient of slope can be. Also, the location of this building present the relationship between surrounding environment and people, it also inspired me s lot. I would start to drop my model in to somewhere in the next few day to find a proper location.

Rem Koolhaas and the Voluntary Prisoners of Architecture

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Koolhaas and his collaborators lampooned the modernist utopias of their predecessors, sarcastically describing the Berlin Wall as a masterpiece of design and proposing a walled city within London as a way to create a new urban culture, one which would lead inhabitants to leave the rest of the city to fall to ruins. Good reference for expanding the range of my research.

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Cyberpunk is a subgenre of science fiction in a futuristic setting that tends to focus on a "combination of lowlife and high tech" featuring advanced technological and scientific achievements, such as artificial intelligence and cybernetics, juxtaposed with a degree of breakdown or radical change in the social order.
I think cyberpunk is a kind of fascinating  imagine of the future society, but it already in a decadent mood and it is negative to the development of the whole society. Nowadays, population on this planet is still increase and there is less and less land resource, citizens are really living in or rely  on the Internet, our communications become less in reality and we prefer staying in fixed, closed environment for protecting their privacy. That phenomenon is the starting point of my project, I began to think about how to build an construction for reflecting this issue to citizen.
 

Metropolis Posters, Fritz Lang, 1927

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I would like to connect Blade Runner with another movie which had great impact on the visualisation of the future cities: Metropolis, created in 1927 by Fritz Lang. The  German Expressionistic style of Metropolis is similar to the style used in Blade Runner. In the city of Metropolis, we can clearly see the underground working class supporting the upper-middle class elite that lives in gardens and tall buildings. Metropolis’ city, divided between the ruling class on the top and the factory workers underneath, bears a similar resemblance with Blade Runner’s Los Angeles.

Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2013

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Built on the lawn outside the Serpentine Gallery, Sou Fujimoto's cloud-like pavilion comprises a grid of white poles that ascend upwards to form layered terraces with circles of transparent polycarbonate inserted to shelter from rain and reflect sunlight. The structure is artificial and he tried to create something between architecture and nature; that kind of concept has been a big interest in my career so it is really natural to push forward with that concept for the future.

Combining inside and outside space within the structure is a part of concept of my project and it is great example to study.

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She did not have any specific image in her mind when she was painting. She just drew by her feeling, but the overlapping of painting naturally became beautiful shape. The outcomes were created very casual and the images look quite abstracted. These makes me think about the gap between outside and inside when I saw the conjunction parts on the paintings. 

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This 'half-a-house' designed by ELEMENTAL was essentially the core of a home, the half that the residents couldn't build on their own. The initial dwellings were double height, robust concrete block structures fitted out with the very basics - a kitchen, bathroom, some partition walls and an internal timber stair. Each of these box-like structures alternated with an empty space, of exactly the same size. In this vacancy the family could expand their own home, configuring the space however they desired.

The housing cores were inbuilt with generosity and flexibility. Each half a house was designed as if it was a part of a middle income home, with spacious rooms and good quality (although limited) facilities. Each had the potential to become a generous family home. As the residents moved in, they could take these generous spaces and tailor the structure to their needs, customising their space at their own expense and labour, adding colour, texture and life. Through this process not only did the dwellings grow in size and value, but the residents developed a sense of pride, ownership and belonging to their homes.

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GRC or GFRC is made in thin concrete sections created by a proprietary process of machine spraying an enriched OP cement and aggregate mix within which alkali resistant glass fibres provide the reinforcement. Unlike steel, glass fibres will never rust and are placed throughout the thickness of the panels. In other words, some irregular shapes (curved shape) are easy to be made by using this material, also,  it's better durability than steel or other metallic material. This is just another material research without focus on fair-face concrete.

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Many of Ando's buildings make use of water, light and nature itself to transcend the usual limits of architecture. "The use of water and light in my architecture is an attempt to bring to bear a spiritual dimension which is directly related to Japanese thought and tradition."--Ando Tadao. Therefore, I should try to do lighting experiments in order to find out a special lighting which can enhance the atmosphere of serenity.

Socially Restorative Urbanism: The theory, process and practice of Experiemics

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The text or the quote That I selected was come from Socially Restorative Urbanism: The theory, process and practice of Experiemics. I used red & blue pen to highlight some sentences or words which I thought these would be linked to my theme of the project, for example, ' Having the choice of appropriate privacy exposure is directly related to the nature of the social interaction available in the transitional zone', this quote is really linked to part of project which I was thinking about distribution and isolation area for different social status.I am quite agree with that since I believe people are one of element of an architecture, we cannot force them to stay in somewhere compulsory, leaving a choice for public is necessary. Regard to separate privacy and public area, Christopher Alexander had simply categories these complex areas into four categories: private, semi-private , semi-public and public. This distribution help me a lot when I design the layout of the building.